Responsible tourism means all travel and leisure directly dependent on the use of natural living e. g. wildlife and landscape. Nature based tourism include eco-tourism and mass tourism. Uncontrolled bulk tourism continues to contribute to the wreckage of natural & cultural significance (commercialization of Culture) thus top or causing loss of biological and cultural biodiversity, and important causes of income. Nature based tourism offers a way of financing unique ecosystems preservation. This provides opportunity for the community living near the protected areas to benefit financially e. g. employment opportunity.
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But Nature based tourism & traveling while sustaining eco-system also degrades them. Much nature based travel and leisure falls short of social responsibility to the local community.
Sustainable tourism is created and managed in such a way that all travel and leisure activities will focus on a historical past resource, natural and cultural which may be continued imminently and every effort is made to maintain the resource to perpetuity.
According to hector Ceballos-Lascurian (1983) ecotourism indicates “the tourism that involves travelling to relatively undisturbed natural area with the object of admiring, studying and enjoying the scenery and its wild vegetation and animals as well as cultural functions found there. ”
Eco-tourism sees four basic elements: –
᾿ The natural environment as the primary appeal and the cultural environment playing another role
᾿ The sustainable technique ecological and cultural environment.
᾿ Focus on education and the interpretation of the resource
᾿ Provision of the advantage to the host community
Tourism is about people and places where one group of people leave, visit and pass through places, the people who make the vacation possible and the people encountered within the tour, it involves travellers, host residential areas and governments.
In tourism market the destination is perhaps one of the most important elements. The destination region symbolizes the raison d’tre for tourism and the tourist attraction at the destination generates the visit. Tourism product is consumed where it is produced (destination). Hence the destination comes below considerable pressure from high degrees of demand focused both in time and at specific sites for example the warm East Africa, Indian Ocean coastal seashores during the northern hemisphere winter.
Tourist pressures can lead to alteration of the travel and leisure resource and as tourism resource and as tourist demand continues to raise so have many destinations around the world succumbed to environmental degradation. The impact that some form of tourism development has on the environment has raised concern among environmentalist and other constituents. Therefore professional management plus planning of destination are essential if tourism is to contribute to their particular conservation and to be perceived as a suitable industry in a world whose success is threatened.
Tourism demand unspoilt environment in which to operate. It is essential that tour operation should be developed plus managed in such a way that as to safeguard the natural assets. We sign up for the fact that the extent to which tourism is developed, planned and controlled in an orderly and coordinated way will affect the long-term quality of the tourism product and subsequently the achievements of the hospitality Industry. While tourism can be a catalyst for development, it is necessary for the government agencies plan and develop tourism carefully so that the benefit can be optimized without creating interpersonal and environmental problems
Low impact types of tourism counteracts the effects of mass tourism that poses a number of challenges within the resource base i. e. atmosphere, society, and economy. Low impact kinds of tourism create a balance between atmosphere quality and resource utilization. This is mainly aimed at empowering local residential areas in managing their natural assets that is creating an incentive to conserve the particular biological resource in the environment simply by allowing the beneficial effects from tourism filter down to the individual households and households.
Alternative tourism can be considered forms of tourism that are consistent with natural social and community values plus which allows both the host and the visitor to enjoy positive and worthwhile conversation and shared experience it is also recognized variously as ecotourism, nature tourism sustainable tourism environmentally friendly, environmentally sensitive, ecological compatible ecologically sound or Green and eco-tour such as Walking tours, Birds Safari, Camel safaris Guided nature walks, horse riding safaris, bicycle tours, home and plantation stays, youth tourism.
Many locations marketed as responsible tourism does not consider the local community development, economical, interpersonal welfare and human rights. Certainly majority of them care less about the source as long as it brings the “green bill “. There must be concern with personnel and tourist education i. electronic. the expected visitors’ behaviour. Hence in this, nature based tourism will be formulated as sustainable development. The concept of set principles, Ties 1991 defined it as responsible travel to natural areas that conserve the environment and sustains the well being of the local people.